This is the map for the TL that was going to replace my other TL on AH.com, Ivangorod Prosperous.
The PoD is that Miguel da Paz survives past his infancy to become the great uniter of all the Iberian Kingdoms of Castille, Portugal and Aragon. The result is that the Iberian Union is established several decades ahead of schedule. The second one is that Katherine Tudor (daughter of Henry VII) also survives her infancy long enough to become the wife of Archduke George of Austria. Thus, when Edward VII's son Henry VIII still becomes king and is unable to sire a son of his own, Archduke George becomes the first Hapsburg King of England as King George I of England (England gets the Hapsburgs instead of Spain).
The survival of the Aviz in Portugal and the emergence of the Iberian Union ensured that the Hapsburgs of the Holy Roman Empire are free to take the lead in the Protestant Reformation, thanks to a series of Popes that were hostile to them and were pro-French. It also ensured that Roman Catholicism remains entrenched in France, Spain and the Italian states while Protestantism would emerge in Central, Northern and Eastern Europe. However, divisions within the Protestant Reformation emerged when Philip Melanchthon conducted a series of negotiations with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople on the creation of a Western Orthodox church. Though he was partially successful with the Patriarch controlled by the Turks, he also had an audience with Maximus the Greek in Moscow, where the Greek monk's influence over the Tsar's court ensured that the Non-Possessors emerge victorious. Thus the split within the Protestant movement was basically over the Church's right to possess wealth, with the pro-Possessors leading the Calvinist camp and the anti-Possessors leading the Melanchthonite camp. So while the Melanchthonites didn't have any wealth under their possession, they did manage to adopt tenets of caesaropapism and elements of the short lived Gallicanist experiment to refine their faith. In return, Maximus the Greek's legacy of the Orthodox Church's policy of banning the possession of wealth earned them more respect among the peasantry.
The colonization of the Americas became much more extensive under the Aviz-led Iberians, largely thanks to Portuguese naval expertise and the Spanish experience in land combat. The Iberian Union's existence had actually nullified the terms of the Treaty of Tordesillas, giving incentive to other European powers to take the American pie. In addition, the failed English colonization of North America only encouraged the Spaniards to expand further, while England mainly focused on helping their fellow Hapsburg cousins in the HRE fight against the French. Meanwhile, the religious split within the Scandinavian Peninsula ensured that Denmark and Sweden were on the opposite sides of the Protestant Reformation, with Sweden having its own Western Uniate Church that looked more like Western Rite Orthodoxy than Melanchthonite Christianity (the Melanchthonites use the Divine Liturgy of St. Gregory while the Swedish "Uniates" have adopted the Divine Liturgy of St. Tikhon).
The Aviz also had a fierce rivalry with the Ottoman Empire, and thanks to their possession of the former Portuguese Asian territories, they were able to gain access to China and had at one point taken control of Cochinchina. The colonization of OTL Papua New Guinea (in this case it was called Ilhas Manuelinas) by the Portuguese and later Spaniards had ensured them of some control of the South Pacific in the event that they would lose some of their other Asian territories, as was the case during the Ibero-Turkish Wars and the later Ibero-Russian Wars.
In the Caucasus, some minor slip ups on the part of the Safavid dynasty had allowed one of the Georgian statelets, namely the Kingdom of Kakheti, to not only retain their independence, but even expand north into what is now Chechnya and Dagestan. The expansion of Khakheti along with the annexation of Kartli had earned them the sobriquet of the "Great Uniter of the Caucasus", just as the Netherlands, a couple of decades later, were to earn the title "Great Uniter of the German States" and Sardinia as "Great Uniter of the Italian States".
The Russo-Polish Wars were costly for both sides, and a peace treaty signed in the 1520s along with some smart thinking on the part of the Polish and Russian rulers ensured that no wars between these two nations are to be fought ever again. Thus the Poles reoriented their focus towards the Ottoman Empire, and because the First Congress of Vienna did not occur (instead, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth would make a mutual succession treaty with the Kingdom of Denmark), the PLC also managed to snag Bohemia from under the Hapsburgs' noses. The addition of Bohemia to the Commonwealth had ironically made the centralization of the HRE a lot smoother. It also helped that the Hapsburgs also championed Melanchthonism as their preferred Protestant faith.
In Africa, the expansion of the Spanish Reconquista now took aim at eliminating the Moroccan Sultanate altogether, but little did they know that the Songhay Empire benefited from the weakness of their Moroccan rivals to emerge as the dominant power in West Africa. So while the Songhays were the Muslim superpower of Africa, the Ethiopian Kingdom remained the Christian superpower of Africa. In addition, while the Kanem-Bornu Empire also became a great power, the ambitions of various warlords along with the colonial ambitions of the Italian states had ensured that the Kanem-Bornu Empire would decline to a series of minor successor states, each ruled by warlords at loggerheads with each other.
The Ottoman Empire suffered from a second Interregnum when Bayezid died unexpectedly in 1508 from a heart attack while praying inside a mosque in Edirne. His three sons Ahmet, Korkut and Selim fought each other for the throne, and while the Second Ottoman Interregnum occurred, more potential claimants emerged: Sehzade Kamershah and Sehzade Alemshah. The Second Ottoman Interregnum was so destructive that no Sehzade took notice of the growing alliance between the Jagiellon dynasty of Hungary and the Serb nobles who used to work for the exiled Serbian Despotate.
By the time the Second Ottoman Interregnum had ended in a victory for Sehzade Kamershah, who then proceeded to kill his brothers (and their children, which unfortunately did include Selim's only son Suleiman while in Kaffa)by strangulation through Bostancis, the Ottoman Empire had been in ruins. The Second Ottoman Interregnum occurred from 1508 until 1524, by which Kamershah became the Sultan as Kamershah I. However, his short reign did prove to be a blessing as one of his sons (sired during the early years of the Second Interregnum) eventually succeeded him as Sultan Korkut I.
Though not as talented as his dead cousin Suleiman, Korkut I (also known as Korkut Kamershahoglu) became an avid reader and a lover of engineering. The reign of Korkut Kamershahoglu from 1527 until his death in 1571 was known as the Ottoman Reconstruction Period, where new institutions had to be rebuilt from scratch, and a maritime fleet had to be built in order to faciliate trade between the Ottoman Empire and the rest of the Islamic world. His reign would also be known for his friendship with the Shaybanids who took power in Persia (but the Safavids were forced to ally with the Kakhetians and later on the Muscovites) and ensured of Persia's continued allegiance to Sunni Islam.
Unfortunately, the Shaybanid conquest of Persia had come at a price, for their fellow Genghisid cousins the Timurids, not only failed to conquer the Indian subcontinent (Babur still succeeded, but the Lori Empire had made sure that no Timurids would come back to India), but the Vijayanagara Empire had taken upon themselves to launch their own version of the Reconquista, resulting in the decline and collapse of the Deccan Sultanates and the resurgence of the Hindu based Indian Empire.
In East Asia, the Dzungars not only avoided getting wiped out, but they also committed serious atrocities as well while on their way to prominence, with the Uyghurs being their most prominent victims (though their survivors would eventually flee to the Altai Mountains where they survived under Russian rule). A combination of luck on the Dzungars' side, a different birth of various Jurchen warlords, and some nasty intrigues on the part of the Ming court had caused the decline of the Ming Dynasty (even without an Imjin War to destroy them, as the Japanese were too busy with the Sengoku Period) only encouraged the Dzungar warlords to constantly raid Chinese cities for loot. Their decision to form a marital alliance with the declining Northern Yuan Dynasty (another Genghisid dynasty) would become the foundation of the Dzungar based Huang Dynasty, named after their base of operations in the Yellow River. The Joseon Dynasty in Korea only had to deal with court intrigues until when the Jurchens came into contact with the Russians in the early 1620s (as a result of an earlier collapse of the Tatar khanates) did the Koreans take note, but by then the Russians were busy consolidating their gains in Manchuria that resulted in the birth of the Yellow Rus' nation (or Zholtarus).
Speaking of the Russians, Vasily III's sudden death in the Siege of Smolensk forced the boyars to negotiate with the late Tsar's younger brothers, with Andrey of Staritsa emerging as Vasily III's eventual successor. A chance meeting with a young Ruthenian woman from Rohatyn who escaped from becoming a harem slave in a Crimean Tatar or Ottoman court ensured that he'd have a chance of ruling Muscovy. Furthermore, his alliance with Maximus the Greek and the Non-Possessors had greatly enhanced his popularity with the peasantry, as well as his patronage over two Serbian war orphans who fled with the help of the Jaksic family (the war orphans being Bajica and Makarije Sokolovic). Andrey of Staritsa's campaigns against the Tatar Khanates of Astrakhan, Kazan and Crimea occurred from 1521 until 1547, during which he greatly enhanced the power of the streltsy (foot soldiers in the Muscovite Army) and relied heavily on the usage of Cossacks as well as the acceptance of Bulgarian refugees fleeing from the Second Ottoman Interregnum. By the time the Russian conquest of Siberia had begun in 1564, Andrey had already died and one of his sons (Ivan Andreyevich, or another Ivan IV) succeeded him. It felt upon Ivan Andreyevich to launch the campaign his father failed to do.
As a result of an entrenched Iberian position in the Americas, the Hapsburgs launced an ambitious colonization of southern Africa to gain another access into the riches of Asia, and the discovery of the Australian continent (arguably the best kept secret) allowed the Hapsburgs of the HRE and the English to move settlers there. Transvaal (another Anglo-German venture) also prospered, though the black Africans of Transvaal were used as serfs instead of slaves, with the European peasantry being employed as craftsmen in the cities. The result is that Transvaal and Australasia emerges as the most industrially productive parts of the Hapsburg empire.
FAST FORWARD TO TTL's 1989:
TTL's 1989 is only ten years ahead its OTL counterpart in technological advances (thanks to constant conflicts where new technologies are introduced and utilized for military purposes) but a century behind in social advances. Although racism has been tackled by integration of various races into Europe's empires, religious bigotry remains a powerful force. Monarchism still reigns supreme, with only a few nations actually being able to embrace democracy.
*The Iberian Union is a clear example of a successful federation that has been achieved for centuries. Miguel da Paz's survival meant that pan-Iberian supranationalism has become strong enough to overlook racial origins for various subjects of the empire under their control. They are also the leader of the Counter-Reformation and devoutly Catholic.
*France may be behind the Iberian Union, but it does make up for it in scientific advances, though not as much as the Germans. Centuries of conflict between the French and the Hapsburgs (of which England is a party to) cemented bitter hostility and rivalry between France, England and Germany (the German states being unified in 1776 as a result of a successful recognition of a separate Bohemian kingdom that before 1776, the Hapsburgs refused to recognize Polish control of their wayward kingdom).
*England, Scotland, Wales, Britanny and Ireland did form one of the most powerful federations of the 20th century, the Democratic Federation of Britannia (after English Equalists voted their Hapsburgs out of power). As of 1989, ethnic tensions are boiling to a head and it would only take a spark for this Britannian Equalist state to collapse into civil war. However, the DFB was the Second Britannian State, the first one being the Kingdom of the English, Scots and Irish before becoming the Kingdom of Britannia. The first Britannian state fell during the Second Great World War when a joint Franco-Danish force invaded the British Isles.
*Central Europe is the hub of Protestantism, although Denmark, Scotland, Poland-Lithuania and Hungary have accepted the Calvinist-like Protestant faith while Sweden, the HRE, the Dutch and the English have embraced Melanchthonism. Melanchthonism has also been derided as corrupted by caesaropapism (due to their close ties to Orthodox Russia).
*The Balkans have been a turbulent place, with Serbia becoming the most heavily fortified and militarized nation in the world, on par with the Russian autonomous duchy of Chernarus.
*Russia remains the most unpopular European nation, but their focus on the Caucasus and Central Asia has mollified the more advanced Western Europeans. However, Spain has an undying hatred of Russia over the loss of Maniolas to the Russians. With the loss of White Ruthenia and Ukraine to the PLC, several new Russophone nations have been cultivated as a result of Russian colonialism: Alaska, Zholtarus, Gavaya and Chernarus.
*Wallachia, Moldavia and the Cossack Hetmanate have united to form Ukraine, not Romania. Basically Greater Ukraine from the Danube to the Dnieper.
*The Songhays have retained an economic dominance over the rest of Central Africa through their trade in gold. Islamic banking policies had also ensured of their financial success, as usury is heavily discouraged. Even Ethiopia and the Russian Empire have adopted certain aspects of the Islamic banking system like the intolerance of usury.
*Ethiopia remains the lone wolf of Christendom in Africa, but the Ethiopians have recently made trade agreements with the Zairians. Zaire is also filled with both French Catholic missionaries and Ethiopian Orthodox monks seeking to convert Zairians to whichever Christianity they want.
*Transvaal has become the industrial engine of the entire African continent, although Kamerun and Nigeria have a say otherwise. Even if they possess more territories and factories, there's technological innovations to consider as well.
*Even the legacy of the Reconquista is still strong in North Africa, where the Iberian Union has its own territory there. Spanish Nuevo Cartago is the Iberian Union's shield and fortress against any attempted Moroccan reconquest.
*Egypt and Somalia are negotiating with the Ottomans on when they will get their independence. As of TTL's 1989, they are only three years away from achieving full independence.
*Nueva Malaga remains an agrarian society where racial stratification remains the norm. Although Nueva Malagenos are moving away from intensive labor based agriculture, the lack of industrial capability makes Nueva Malaga a poorer nation, compared to the heavily industrialized Colombyolese from the Union of Colombian Grand Duchies.
*As of TTL's 1989, there are talks of disbanding the UCGD. If it did happen, then the successor states would be: Mexico, Patagonia, Peru and Brazil. A fifth entity is being discussed, namely the proposed Autonomous Vicecaptaincy of Hispaniola, which would consist of the entire territories of the UCGD's Caribbean islands.
*New Hedland is granted self-rule, but talks of independence are being held in public. No one knows when New Hedland will become an independent nation.
*New Normandy has attracted a lot of French colonists over the centuries, but their decision to extend their invitation to the Irish refugees fleeing from the Britannian Equalist regime has caused tensions to boil over between France and Britannia.
*Independent Alaska has already attracted immigrants from the PLC (White Ruthenians and Ukrainians), and their vast lands are waiting to be settled by ambitious ranchers in need of greener pastures. Alaskan agricultural products are among the best in the world, as Alaskan dairy and quinoa are highly prized.
*Sidonia is the result of a compromise between Alaska and the UCGD from the 1780s when Russian troops occupied the former Spanish province of California in addition to the Russian conquest of Maniolas (OTL Philippines). It was agreed that Sidonia would be opened to the world's Jewish population. Sidonia became an independent Republic, the very first democratic nation to arise in 1948. Before that, it was an Alaskan-Colombyolese condominium. Now Sidonia has overtaken the former Ottoman Jewish millet as the largest Jewish entity in the world, with Hebrew, Ladino and Yiddish as the official languages.
*Currently the Huang Dynasty in China have emerged as the economic superpower of Asia. Made in China products are actually better manufactured than their OTL counterparts, but that is due to the Huang Dzungars' emphasis on creativity and innovation. Huang China has not been slacking off from their performance, and Manhua anime is extremely popular. TTL anime would be associated with China, not Japan.
*Korea and Ezochi are good examples of Sino-Russian cultural fusion gone correctly. Well, Ezochi still has some bits of Chinese culture through Japan, which had some few Chinese influences despite not being a part of the Chinese tributary system until the 1790s when;
*Japan was forcefully dragged back into the Chinese tributary system, with a puppet Shogun reigning in Edo and the Japanese Emperor reduced to a King, though the Russians suggested that the Yamato monarchs be reduced to Grand Princes. The Huang Dzungars call the shots though.
*Chernarus and Zholtarus are two Russophone nations that are located entirely in Asia, although Chernarus is more diverse due to the huge amounts of Balkan migrants being shipped into southern Borneo during the Ottoman times. Balkan, Caucasian, Central Asian (even including Persians from the Shaybanid realms), East Asian and Russian immigrants have come to call Chernarus their home. Zholtarus on the other hand, only have Russian and Bulgarian migrants making it their home while the rest are Russified Jurchens and Mongols. Cochinchina is also a part of Chernarus too.
*In addition, Chernarus remains the only non-Muslim nation in this world to retain the complete ban on Valentine's Day, dedicating it to Armed Forces Day. White Day, which would be celebrated in East Asia and Russia, was instead dedicated to the commemoration of the Coalition victory over the Quartet Alliance in the Second Great World War. (TTL's WWII is fought between the Coalition Powers consisting of Russia, the Anglo-German alliance, China and Australasia against the clerical fascist regime in the UCGD, the Prometheist regime in Poland-Lithuania and the Ottoman Empire.
*Australasia is the home of the English Hapsburgs who fled after the Equalists came to power in 1949. Anti-Equalist refugees from Britannia have arrived in Australasia.
*Hawaii is staunchly Orthodox Christian, and it has become a tropical paradise for tourists from all over the world. It wouldn't be surprising to see Hawaiians of TTL speaking Russian.
*Equalism: Basically TTL's version of Marxism-Leninism, Socialism and Communism, but mixed with egalitarianism. Basically Equalism strives for the complete equality of all human beings and tolerance for diverse thoughts. Economic wise, equalism also aims at the abolition of the classes (through violence, if necessary) in order for economic parity to be achieved. Sidonia has elected an Equalist regime ITTL's 1948 while Britannia followed suit the next year, although that was the result of the Franco-Danish invasion of England.
*Prometheism: Basically TTL's variant of fascism, though Prometheism is also an OTL ideology. Both TTL's Prometheism and its OTL counterpart aimed at the complete dismemberment of the Russian Empire by supporting separatist movements, but in this case Polish Prometheism also aims at supporting the Spanish reconquest of Sidonia, Chernarus and supporting the independence of Zholtarus and Ezochi. Prometheism has poisoned Russo-Polish relations.
*Clerical Synarchism: Basically caesaropapism on steroids, but without the State subjugating the Church. It is an ideology commonly found among Orthodox Christian and Melanchthonite nations. Clerical Synarchism emphasizes the joint rule of the secular head of state, the clerical head of the nation's church and a parliamentary council.